How Much Time I Spend Writing, Automated and Revisited

About a month ago, I automated the process of capturing how much time I spend writing each day, and incorporated that data into my Google Doc Writing Scripts. Here is how this work:

  • I use RescueTime on all of my computers, home and work.
  • RescueTime tracks how much time I spend in various applications, including specific documents.
  • Using the RescueTime API, I wrote a script that captures how much time I spend in Google Docs each day.
  • That number gets recorded in my writing spreadsheet automatically each night.

This means I no longer have to “clock in” or “clock out” to track my writing time. I just start writing, stop writing, continue later, etc. and all of it captured automatically by my script. With almost a month of this type of data on the books, it’s interesting to look at how my guesses match reality.

Generally, when I’m firing on all cylinders, I can write 6 pages (1,500 word) per hour. Put another way that is about a page every ten minutes. Of course, I don’t always reach this apogee of output. It turns out (with about 30 days worth of data to go on) that the correlation between the time I spend writing and how much I write is pretty strong (0.59). I took the data and ran a scatter plot, with a trendline using that correlation, and here is the results:

Writing Time

It is clear that the more time I spend, the more I write, but it’s not as strong a correlation as you might think. Part of the reason is that sometimes, it takes a while to get things out of my head. Here is what that same set of data looks like plotted individually over time. First the word counts…

30 Days Words

and then the time spent…

30 Days Time

These two charts illustrate that while the correlation is pretty strong, there are times when I clearly get bogged down. August 5 is a good example. I wrote just about 1,200 words, but it took me 79 minutes. And yet on August 7, I wrote 1,600 words and it took me under an hour. This variability is caused by two things:

  1. Concentration. Sometimes, in difficult scenes, I slow way down to think things through and work them out. Remember, I generally don’t plot ahead, so especially in first draft, I’m working out things on the fly.
  2. Interruptions. I’ve talked about how in order to write every day, I’ve had to learn to write with distraction. Sometimes, the kids will need me for something, I’ll step away for 5 or 10 minutes with no progress on the document, and then return and write more. That clearly shows up as slower.

But that red trendline in the first chart is pretty accurate, and comes close to my intuitive guesses. I have said that I wrote about 500 words in 20 minutes. That’s 1,000 words in 40 minutes. If you look at the 1,000 word-mark on that first chart, and then go up to where the red trendline crosses the 1,000 word-mark, it’s right about the 40-45 minute mark. My intuition is pretty accurate! You’ll also note that 1,500 words crosses at right about the 60 minute mark.

I have less than 30 days of the time data, but as this volume of data increases, I expect the trendline to become more accurate. One thing that is particularly useful about a chart like this is that it can tell you for a given amount of time you have available, how much you can accomplish. Or, flipping it around, if you want to write 1,000 words, how much time will you need to set aside?

Entirely automated

I wanted to call this out one more time. All of the data above is generated automatically. I don’t spend a single instant of my time collecting it. That is perhaps the biggest value. Once I wrote the scripts (which I did spent time on) I get the data without any effort, and this can be used to help me make adjustments down the road.

You can see my realtime data, including how much writing I’ve done at various intervals (my ongoing writing streak, for example) and how much time I’ve spent writing. Head on over to to check it out.

The Adorable Little Miss, Three Years Ago #TBT

On Tuesday, the Little Miss turned three years old. So for Throwback Thursday this week, I thought I’d give everyone something to smile about. Here is the adorable Little Miss about three years ago, one week after she was born.

Little Miss

The Best Way to Contact Me

Last summer I retired my voicemail. Voicemail is an antiquated communication mechanism and does not lend itself toward automation or speedy responses. Recently, I’ve noticed an uptick in the number of calls I get from phone numbers that I don’t recognize. About 90% of the time, when I answer these calls, they are solicitations of one kind or another. I’m tired of them. I don’t mind saying “no” to these solicitations, but it does grate on me when they don’t take no for an answer.

So, going forward, I’m not answering calls from numbers that I don’t recognize. That means that going forward, the best way to contact me, especially if I don’t know, is though email. The email address to use is:

jamie [at] jamietoddrubin [dot] com

In order to encourage this as my preferred form of contact, I am going to attempt to answer most messages within 24 hours.  To keep me honest, I’m making my real-time email response stats available for folks to look at1  As of July, those numbers look as follows:

July 2014 Response

You can see that right now, I answer about 30% of my email within 24 hours. Over the next month or two, I will try to bring this up above 75-80%.

When in doubt, send me an email. It is always the best bet for the quickest response.

Social media

I’m usually pretty responsive on social media, almost always responding within the same day, although the time within the day can vary depending on how busy I am. Feel free to reach out to me on Twitter, Facebook, or Google Plus for things that don’t require a private email message.

Blog comments

I really try to stay on top of blog comments, but I also like the thread to stay on topic. For things that aren’t related to the post at hand, you are better off sending me email, or getting in touch with me on social media.

Chats, Hangouts, Skype, etc.

I’m perfectly fine doing Google Chats, Facebook Chats, Google Hangouts or Skype, but again, these depend on my ability to be fully engaged. If the question or request is fairly simple, email is almost always your best bet.

Of course, if your number is in my contacts, or we’ve pre-arranged a phone call, we’re good. I’m just drawing the line on unrecognized numbers because they turn out to be a steady drain on my very limited time.

Have questions? Drop them in the comments and I’ll do my best to answer them.


  1. Not quite real-time yet, but they will be in they will be within the next few days. Right now, it is displaying my static aggregate numbers from July 2014.

Happy Birthday, Little Miss

Three years ago today, the Little Miss was born. This is the first birthday that she has been fully aware of, and consequently, very excited about. In the ordinary course of the morning, getting ready for school, I’ll ask her what she wants for breakfast, and she’ll tell me yogurt and Cheerios. This morning when I asked, she said, “Nuffin” (Nothing).

I went downstairs to put stuff in the car (there’s cupcakes and goodie bags for her class, after all), and when I came in, she was coming down the stairs. “Are we leaving yet?” she asked. Clearly, she was excited to get started.

Three years goes by in the blink of an eye, and it is easy to lose the little moments in the over all wave of passing time. But, as I’ve done for both kids, I jot down milestones in Evernote, as they happen. I was reviewing the milestones for the Little Miss this morning, and here are a few of them from the last 3 years.

5/13/2012, Crawling

My note reads: [The Little Miss] crawled forward about 2 paces this evening on the carpet in the office.

She was about 9 months old at this time.

5/21/2012, Standing

Not one for being satisfied with simple, crawling, a week later, I noted (with a photograph) that she was pulling herself up into a standing position.

5/27/2012, Mama

The Little Miss said, “Mama” deliberately for the first time.

6/5/2012, Big brother

The Little Miss said her brother’s name, deliberately, twice in the same evening.

8/13/2012, Steps

Just shy of a year old, the Little Miss is taking 5-6 steps at a time before plopping back down to the floor.

9/29/2012, Sleep

The Little Miss is sleeping through the night in her crib. Both of her parents are greatly relieved, and are also (finally) sleeping through the night.

2/25/2013, ABCs, and potty

The Little Miss sings (adorably) the ABC song, as well as “Bah Bah Black Sheep.” She’s 18 months old. She also used the potty for the first time on this day.

7/8/2013, Preschool

The Little Miss had her first day at preschool today.

10/25/2013, Bunk Beds

Never one for wanting to sleep in her own room, the Little Miss and Little Man spent their first night in their new (at the time) bunk beds, and loved it. They’ve been sleeping there ever since.

12/8/2013, Frozen

The Little Miss went to see her first movie in the theater, Frozen. She hasn’t stopped singing since.

2/1/2014, Skating

The Little Miss (and Little Man) went ice skating for the first time today.

The Little Miss will have yet another milestone in the next 2 weeks, when she moves into the “senior” classroom at her school. In the meantime, it was wonderful to see her so happy and excited about her birthday this morning. She will be celebrating with her classmates today, her family this evening, and her friends (at her party) this weekend.

Happy birthday, Little Miss!

Going Paperless: Add Reminders to Scanned Documents for Quick Action Items

One of the side-effects of being several years into going paperless is that on any given day, there isn’t much to scan. A corollary to this is that on the days that I do scan things, chances are good that I’m scanning something that I need to take an action on.

Before the good ol’ paperless days, papers that required some action on my part would go into a bin on my desk, which, if I remembered, I’d occasionally look through. Those days are long gone, and my paperless process for handling these documents is a big improvement. I thought I’d share it with folks today in case anyone else finds it useful. Here is what I do:

1. Scan the document

I still use my trust Fujitsu ScanSnap s1300i, which hasn’t failed me yet. Indeed, as of this writing, I’ve scanned 3,467 pages with the scanner. I still use a process similar to what I started with a few years back, although instead of taking me 10 minutes each evening, it might take 2 or 3 minutes every second or third evening.

2. Set a reminder on the scanned document

Once the document has been scanned, if there is some action I have to take, I set a reminder on the document. For instance, we recently got our personal property tax statements from the state of Virginia, and those bills come due in October. I scanned in the documents, and then, as soon as they were scanned in, I set a reminder for 1 week prior to the date the bill is due.

Reminder 1

3. File the document as usual

Once the reminder has been added, I tag and file the document as usual. With that done, I can pretty much forget about it because Evernote will remember it for me. And if I need to know at any given time, what reminders are lingering out there, I can easily take a look from inside Evernote. Evernote organizes these reminders by notebook, so here are the reminder currently active in my Filing Cabinet notebook:

Reminder List

Adding the reminders immediate after I scan in the document does 3 things that I find really helpful:

1. It takes the burden off me for remembering that I have something to do. Evernote will remind me, via email and via the alerts on my mobile device.

2. With the document scanned, it ensures I don’t misplace it (and then forget about it).

3. It reminds me in the context of the document itself. I like this better than adding an item to my to-do list that says, “Pay property tax.” That to-do list item would require me to go somewhere and find the document. By having the reminder as part of the document, I don’t waste any time. It’s right there when it comes time to take my action.

I’ve been using this more and more with things that I scan in, to the point where I’d guess that these day, half of what I scan gets a reminder. Of course, I’m not scanning a whole lot anymore. There is a sense of relief, once the document is scanned and the reminder is set. This is the epitome of what I think David Allen was getting at in his GTD book, when he talked about getting things out of your head. (It’s also about as close as I’ve managed to get to the GTD process, but that’s a story for another time…)

If you have a suggestion for a future Going Paperless post, let me know. Send it to me at feedback [at] As always, this post and all of my Going Paperless posts is also available on Pinterest.

Last week’s post: How and Why I’ve Automated Backups of My Evernote Data.

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I Have an Article At 99U on My Extended Writing Streak

When I was asked to write an article for 99U, I decided to get a little meta, and write about how I’ve been able to hack my writing streak to ensure that I write every day, even with a fulltime job and family. That article is now online:

How I Kept a 373-Day Productivity Streak Unbroken

At the time I wrote the article, my streak was at 373 days. It’s now 20 days since I wrote the article and my streak continues at 393 days.

In the article, I offer some tips that have worked for me for maintaining the streak, even with a busy and varied schedule. Head on over to 99U to check out the article, if you are so inclined.

To All the Hugo Award Winners: Thank You! You Saved Science Fiction for Me

Congratulations to all of the Hugo Award winners. You all saved science fiction for me. I had been slowly drifting away from the genre, in part because of new writing opportunities in other directions, but in part because I was frustrated by the lack of inclusion I saw, and the voices arguing for status quo. Those voices are not new in the genre, but the accumulated weight of their historical grinding was finally getting to me.

I served as Nebula Awards Commissioner this last year, and while I was pleased with the results of the awards, some of the campaigning I saw turned me off to the notion of awards in general. It wasn’t rampant, but it was there. I know that campaigning happens, but for me, it makes the awards seem more like baseball’s All-Star game. I guess I was in the unenviable position of seeing how the sausage was made, and didn’t like what I saw.

The Hugo Awards, with their associated controversies this year, had the potential to do a lot of harm to the genre. But these awards are voted on by fans, and the fans voices were loud and clear this year. The result was an incredible slate of winners that not only represent the best the genre has to offer, but that restored my faith in the fans, writers, and the genre itself.

Sometimes when I watch a movie or TV show, I’ll sit there and think, “Wow! I wish I was a [doctor | lawyer | baseball player | Superman].” The drama draws me in and I want to be just like the person I see on the big screen. Yesterday, as award after award was announced, I kept thinking to myself, “Gosh, I want to be a science fiction writer just like them!” That was when I knew that this year’s Hugo Awards saved science fiction for me.

A few notes on some of the specific awards and winners:

Ann Leckie for Ancillary Justice

In Chicago in 2012, I sat at the hotel bar one evening with a bunch of people coming and going, including a quite a few SFWA board members. Ann was one of them, and she and I were among the last people at the table that evening. I’ve grown pretty disciplined about talking about the stories that I’m working on, while I’m working on them, but I lose that discipline around other writers, sometimes, and Ann is particularly easy to talk to. I think I remember her telling me that she was working on her first novel–the novel that turned out to be Ancillary Justice.

Ancillary Justice has gone on to do something no other science fiction novel has, to my knowledge, done before: it has won the Hugo, Nebula, Clarke, BSFA, and Locus Award for best novel all in the same year. Originally, I likened this to a baseball player hitting for the cycle, but I realize more and more, that an achievement like this is much more like a pitcher throwing a perfect game. I think there is a spot in the Science Fiction Hall of Fame waiting for Ann to fill it.

Charles Stross for “Equoid”

I met Charles Stross at Boskone in 2008. We spoke only briefly, but I learned we had a few things in common: he was pharmacist for a time, and I worked in a pharmacy. He also did some system administration, and so had I. We also had similar thoughts on DRM, or the lack thereof.

Stross has been one of those writers that challenges me. He writes far above my head on topics that I barely have a grasp upon, but I think that is a good thing. He sets the bar very high for other writers. I also admire his work ethic, which, at least from what he exposes on his blog, demonstrates that even for the best writers out there, writing is hard work. None of us phone it in. Few of us could get away with that. Stross’s writing reflects his work ethic, and it is no surprise that so many people like it.

Mary Robinette Kowal for “The Lady Astronaut of Mars”

I first worked with Mary when she was SFWA’s secretary, helping out with various technical work as a volunteer. The most time I spent with her was when I gave her a ride from Boston’s Logan airport to Readercon’s hotel several years back. Mary is one of the nicest people in science fiction. Up-and-coming writers would be hard pressed to find a better model to emulated on panels. And, of course, she is a brilliant writer, and her win for “The Lady Astronaut of Mars” is greatly deserved.

John Chu for “The Water That Falls on You From Nowhere”

I don’t think I’ve ever met John Chu in person, but his story, which completed’s sweep of the short fiction awards, is fantastic, and his “little story that could” speech last night was a highlight of the acceptance speeches.

Continue reading

Lazy, Low-Energy Saturday

Possibly because I am still recovering from the last few weeks of very intense work and long hours, possibly because I am still recovering from my trip to L.A., today turned out to be a lazy, low-energy day for me, very unusual, especially for a Saturday.

Kelly and the kids were gone most of the day. They left the house for various adventures at 8:30 in the morning, and didn’t get back home until 10 hours later. And what did I do during those 10 hours? I’d planned to go for a long walk, get a bunch of writing done, and a bunch of chores as well.

In reality, I spent most of the time on the couch. I finally finished the first volume of William Manchester’s biography of Winston Churchill, and started almost at once on the second volume. But until this evening, I did no writing at all. I lazed around all day, except for about an hour in the middle of the day when I found enough energy to clean all of the bathrooms in the house.

This evening, I finally sat down to write. I was planning to write the second draft of an article, and adding another scene to my story. I managed only to add the scene to the story, but it was an important step forward. I’d been struggling with this part of the story for months, writing, and rewriting, but never getting it right. Tonight, I decided to brute force my way through it, and it seemed to work! I feel pretty good about it.

We have quite a few things on the calendar for tomorrow, but it was nice to have a lazy day, even if it was unexpected.

The Death of Marigold Churchill

I‘m still working my way through the first volume of William Manchester’s 3-volume biography of Winston Churchill. I got almost no reading done while I was in L.A., but I resumed my reading yesterday, and am approaching the end of the first book.

Today, while on my morning walk, Churchill’s youngest daughter (at the time), died. Marigold Churchill was 2 years and 9 months old at the time of her death, and the descriptions of the scene, with her asking her mother to sing the popular tune “Bubbles” to her, brought a flood of tears to my eyes, making it almost dangerous to continue walking.

I’ve noticed more of a tendency toward tears when reading of the death of a child, ever since having children of my own. Indeed, knowing nothing of what Marigold Churchill looked like, other than the fact that she was not quite three, I had in my mind a picture of my own daughter, and how she smiles, and loves to sing songs. My own daughter, who is not quite three herself.

It is entirely possible that readers without children are moved in the same way by these passages, but before I had children, I wasn’t. It also possible, of course, that people with children aren’t moved to tears by passages like these. Everyone is different. But my heart retroactively ached for the Churchill’s and the loss of their little girl. And this, from a book. That writing, whether fiction or nonfiction, can produce these emotions is one of the things I love best about being a writer and a reader.

How UCR’s Eaton Collection Helped to Make Me a Science Fiction Writer

Trouble appears to be brewing at University of California, Riverside, home of the Eaton Collection of Science Fiction and Fantasy. According to UCR professor and science fiction writer Nalo Hopkinson, “[the] new library administration doesn’t seem to appreciate the value of the Eaton Collection or the expertise that goes into it.”

I attended UCR from 1990-1994, graduating with a bachelor’s degree in Political Science and a minor in Journalism. They have an excellent creative writing program there, and I was fortunate enough to take some of my fiction classes from amazing writers like Susan Straight and Stephen Minot. Professor Minot used to try to steer me away from genre-writing, but Professor Straight was always encouraging. Both helped make me the writer I am today.

But with respect to science fiction, I owe my biggest debt to UCR’s Eaton Collection. I don’t know about other fans, but when I started reading science fiction, I was a one-author reader. Someone turned me on to Piers Anthony, and for nearly six years, from junior high through high school, Piers Anthony is virtually all I read.

While at UCR, I wanted to branch out. I knew that science fiction had a rich and rocky history, and I wanted to learn more about it. In 1992, about halfway through my tenure at UCR, a new “slick” science fiction magazine hit the shelves, Science Fiction Age, edited by Scott Edelman. What I read in those pages began to give me an idea of how varied science fiction could be. I not only read new and wonderful stories, but learned about many writers I’d never heard of before.

The thing is: I was a college student. I barely had money for rent, let alone buying science fiction books. And that is where the Eaton Collection comes in. I can’t remember exactly how I learned about the Eaton Collection. It’s possible that a professor mentioned it to me, or its possible that I wandered past it in the Tomás Rivera library one day. However I discovered it, it was a life-changer.

The Eaton Collection had everything, and I was able to looking through it and read stuff that I would not have been able to find in a bookstore, even if I could have managed to scrounge up the money for it. Thanks to the Eaton collection, I began to read much more widely in science fiction. I discovered Harlan Ellison through the Eaton Collection. I discovered Connie Willis, and perhaps most important to me, I discovered Barry N. Malzberg, whose fiction taught me that science fiction could be literary while also being science fiction. Decades later, Barry would become a mentor of mine. I’m almost certain that would not have happened had I not had access to the Eaton collection. And without broader exposure to science fiction, I don’t think I would have had what it take to be a published science fiction writer.

There were many others that I discovered through the collection: Robert Silverberg, C. L. Moore, Octavia Butler, and William Gibson to name just a few.  Collections like the Eaton Collection have value beyond the rare items they contain. The provide a window into the genre for people who might not have the means or opportunity to otherwise peek inside and what’s there. These collections need to be protected like the national treasures that they are. They should be grown and preserved for the next generation of science fiction and fantasy writers, because, truth be told, without collections like these that are available to people, it’s hard to grow those future generations of writers, fans, and scholars of the genre.

My William H. Patterson, Jr. Connection

The late William H. Patterson, Jr. is known in science fiction circles as the authorized biographer of Robert A. Heinlein. He wrote a 2-volume biography of Heinlein, the second volume of which was published posthumously. I haven’t yet read either volume, although I own the first. It’s one of those things that I want to read eventually, but haven’t gotten around to it yet.

When I got off the plane in L.A. last week, I found an email from Mark McSherry, who was one of the great contributing commenters on my Vacation in the Golden Age posts. Mark informed me that Baen was putting out a e-book and trade paper edition of Heinlein’s Beyond This Horizon next year. The serial was originally published under Heinlein’s Anson MacDonald pseudonym. Patterson wrote the introduction to the new edition, and, Mark informed me, Patterson mentions one Jamie Todd Rubin in that introduction.

As it happens, the first 5 chapters of the book are available online through Baen’s website, and includes the introduction, and sure enough, within the intro is this passage:

The story is a post-utopia, a somewhat revolutionary form when it was published—and one reader-critic (Jamie Todd Rubin) called it “the first generally ‘post-Singularity’ story ever written in science fiction” (if we had not lost our faith in the American utopian vision, it might have had imitators instead of the wave after wave of dystopias we did get—and continue to get).

I was pretty stunned to see this, but of course delighted that Patterson had read what I’d written (Part 1 and Part 2) about Beyond This Horizon in my Vacation in the Golden Age series, and thought it worth quoting. So I hope you don’t mind that I’ve taken a moment to brag about it here.

The Retro Hugo Winners for 1939

The London Worldcon announced the winners of the 1939 Retro Hugo Awards, an award I was particularly eager to see, what with my interest in the Golden Age of science fiction. I was particularly interested in the winners for Best Novella and Best Novelette.

In the Best Novella category, “Who Goes There?” by Don A. Stuart won the retro-Hugo. Stuart, of course, is the pseudonym for none other than John W. Campbell, editor of Astounding Science Fiction. It was the last, and in my opinion, the best of Campbell’s fiction. In later years, three movies would be based on the premise of the story, perhaps most famously in John Carpenter’s The Thing.

For more than a year after the story was published, the letter columns in Astounding were frequently populated with letters asking for more Stuart stories. Campbell would reply that he had it on good authority that Stuart was permanently retired from fiction-writing, and that apparently, was no lie.

In the Best Novelette category, “Rule 18″ by Clifford D. Simak won the retro-Hugo. I don’t think “Rule 18″ is nearly as good a story as “Who Goes There?” but it has an important place in science fiction nevertheless, as it helped to establish Isaac Asimov’s friendship with Simak. Asimov used to write critiques of all of the stories that appeared in Astounding,  and he gave “Rule 18″ a particularly bad rating. Simak wrote Asimov to ask what he felt was wrong with the story so that he might improve in the future–and thus, a lifelong friendship was established.

I like the idea of the Retro Hugos, if for no other reason than it provides a mechanism for keeping some of these old stories from disappearing from our collective memory. I also wonder, from time-to-time, what Campbell or Simak or Clark or Virgil Finlay might have thought if someone told them that their work would still be remembered (and honored with an award) three quarters of a century later.